Manual The Little Water Medicine Society of the Senecas (Civilization of the American Indian Series)

Free download. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. You can download and read online The Little Water Medicine Society of the Senecas (Civilization of the American Indian Series) file PDF Book only if you are registered here. And also you can download or read online all Book PDF file that related with The Little Water Medicine Society of the Senecas (Civilization of the American Indian Series) book. Happy reading The Little Water Medicine Society of the Senecas (Civilization of the American Indian Series) Bookeveryone. Download file Free Book PDF The Little Water Medicine Society of the Senecas (Civilization of the American Indian Series) at Complete PDF Library. This Book have some digital formats such us :paperbook, ebook, kindle, epub, fb2 and another formats. Here is The CompletePDF Book Library. It's free to register here to get Book file PDF The Little Water Medicine Society of the Senecas (Civilization of the American Indian Series) Pocket Guide.

Iroquoian-speaking peoples relied primarily on cultivated corn, beans and squash. Fishing, hunting and gathering supplemented these domestic crops. White-tailed deer were one of the most important game animals except in the north, where moose were the staples. Some coastal peoples hunted seals as well as freshwater fish, eels , molluscs and crustaceans. Waterfowl and land birds were seasonally important in some areas. Fur bearers, especially beaver , were significant to trade-based economies. Peoples in the area gathered and ate a variety of berries , nuts , tubers and plants; and some groups harvested maple and birch sap.

While Iroquoian women planted and harvested, men were made to clear the forest for farming.

  1. Implementing the Virtual Project Management Office: Proven Strategies for Success!
  2. Adorned in Dreams: Fashion and Modernity;
  3. Search form!
  4. Central Michigan University!
  5. Sagaponack Home.
  6. Semantic Web and Beyond. Ontology Management. Semantic Web, Semantic Web Services, and Business Applications.
  7. Applied Nanotechnology (Micro and Nano Technologies).

Among most Algonquian peoples, horticulture for subsistence was largely marginal, except for the cultivation of wild rice in some communities. On the other hand, farming was important to the Wolastoqiyik economy, especially the growing of corn. The Ojibwe relied on wild rice, which was harvested in the late summer, and may have been responsible for its spread outside the lands where it was typically found. The Nipissing did some cultivating of corn, but they also traded fish and furs for Wendat corn. Hunting and fishing provided the bulk of sustenance for Algonquian peoples.

They hunted deer, bear , moose and caribou , and, where available, seals, porpoises and whales. In hunting they used bows, arrows, lances, traps, snares and deadfalls, and used hooks, weirs, leisters and nets to fish. Meat was either boiled or roasted for immediate consumption or smoke-dried for future use. In the Great Lakes area, Algonquian peoples also collected maple or birch sap in the early spring. The enduring presence of settler-colonial political and social frameworks brought about considerable culture change among all Eastern Woodlands groups.

Hunting, gathering and fishing have become marginal subsistence activities except among some nations, for whom fishing has remained a significant source of income, but not without its challenges. Agricultural practices declined as reserve populations grew, lands were partitioned and new employment opportunities arose. Crop storage among the Iroquoian peoples permitted sedentary permanent and fenced-in settlements ranging from small hamlets with a few families to towns where as many as 2, persons resided.

Population density was high among the Wendat. Although estimates vary, there may have been from 70, to 90, northern Iroquoians at the time of contact. A typical village contained a large number of elm - or cedar -bark longhouses. Seasonal activities among the Algonquians tended to inhibit a strictly sedentary existence, although the abundance of certain food, especially fish and some horticulture, permitted a greater degree of sedentation than among Subarctic peoples farther north.

Dwellings were smaller and less permanent than among Iroquoians, varying from conical birchbark tipis to domed wigwams or rectangular structures that housed several families. Village size varied seasonally, with the largest population concentrations generally occurring in summer. The Iroquoians travelled mainly on land or in elm-bark or birchbark canoes. Trade and visiting appear to have been common activities among neighbouring Algonquian peoples. They also traded with Iroquoian peoples, importing corn and fish nets from the Wendat, for example.

Labriola Center Video List - American Indian Studies - LibGuides at Arizona State University

Clothing of the Eastern Woodlands Indigenous peoples was made of animal skins and furs. While the men hunted animals for hides as well as for meat , women were responsible for tanning the skins and creating the clothing. Women also decorated the clothing with beads, quills and other natural products. Typical clothing for the people of the Eastern Woodlands included robes, breechcloths, leggings and skirts. For footwear, people wore moccasins , which are slipper-like shoes made out of animal hide.

Prior to contact, the largest political unit among most Eastern Woodlands Algonquian peoples appeared to be the band-village, a community consisting of various bands. Each band or band-village possessed at least one chief, whose position was usually hereditary within the male line. Patrilineal groups designated by an animal totem seem to have been characteristic of Eastern Woodlands Algonquian peoples. Village-band territories were not strictly demarcated, and all members had access to basic subsistence resources.

In Iroquoian society, longhouses sheltered several related families. As well, descent, inheritance and succession followed the female line. One or more households formed a matrilineage. Several lineages composed an exogamous clan — where individuals must marry outside the social group — designated by a particular totem emblem.

Clan mates among the Haudenosaunee, regardless of village or community affiliation, considered themselves to be siblings. Nations were composed of 3 to 10 clans whose members were scattered in several villages. Among some groups, clans were united into moieties kinship groups. Most Iroquoian peoples possessed both civil chiefs and war chiefs.

The Haudenosaunee Confederacy had a council of about 50 permanent and hereditary offices, which have survived in modified form to the present. Condolence ceremonies commemorated deceased confederacy chiefs, bestowing upon their successors the honorary names associated with the office. The Wendat had a similar political system. Intricate beadwork and quillwork is one feature of Eastern Woodlands art. Iroquoian peoples often decorated clan symbols on their longhouses. Beadwork was sometimes more than decorative; it could hold political meaning.

Eastern Woodlands peoples created wampum , tubular purple and white beads made from shells used for ornamental, ceremonial, diplomatic and commercial purposes. In some early treaties, wampum belts featured the major tenets of the agreement. To accept a wampum belt in formal council was to agree to adhere to the principles embodied in its woven design. The wampum thereafter served to help perpetuate the memory of the treaty. In some Eastern Woodlands cultures, art was also expressed on the body.

Tattooing of the face and body was common for both men and women. A noteworthy art form of the Haudenosaunee is the False Faces, wooden masks with metal eyes and, sometimes, horsehair that were carved by men for use in curing ceremonies see False Face Society. A revitalization of certain aspects of traditional cultures, including languages, arts, crafts, dances and rituals, as well as a greater political awareness, has served to reinforce identity and esteem after more than three centuries of cultural erosion by colonialists.

In contemporary art, the Woodland school of art refers to the colourful and pictographic paintings of artists such as Norval Morrisseau , Daphne Odjig , Jackson Beardy and Alex Janvier. Featuring supernatural beings, animals or people, this art expresses Indigenous identity and culture see Indigenous Art in Canada and Contemporary Indigenous Art in Canada.

Iroquoian languages belong to two branches, a southern one composed of Cherokee, and a northern branch that includes the Erie, Neutral, Wenro, Haudenosaunee, Wendat, Petun and St. Lawrence Iroquoians. The languages of the St. Lawrence Iroquoians, the Wendat, Petun and Neutral are all extinct. Efforts are being made to bring back the Wendat language. These languages are still spoken today, but they are endangered see Indigenous Languages in Canada.

Languages within each branch show a high degree of mutual intelligibility, with the Central Algonquian forming dialect chains. The Haudenosaunee had a number of medicine societies focused on healing, the best known being the False Face Society. During ceremonies, members wore elaborately carved wooden masks. The Haudenosaunee also practised the Longhouse Religion, a blend of ancient Indigenous traditions and innovations introduced by the Seneca prophet Handsome Lake.

Algonquian peoples practiced Midewiwin Grand Medicine Society. Once widespread, the Midewiwin became less prevalent after the arrival of Europeans in the 18th and 19th centuries. Generally speaking, Indigenous peoples in the Eastern Woodlands possessed religious specialists known as shamans. Among the Algonquian, the shaman performed magical rites to ward off evil spirits, such as the Windigo , and assisted in locating game. Shamans in Iroquoian communities performed similar roles, ensuring the spiritual and physical well-being of their people. Eastern Woodlands peoples and their shamans engaged in healing practices and in seasonal rituals often associated with crop harvests and periodic feasts.

The Wendat, for example, held elaborate Feasts of the Dead , usually at the time when villages were to be moved to new locations. The bones of dead relatives were gathered and placed in mass graves with personal items. Algonquian peoples also held Feasts of the Dead, although they were not identical to those of the Wendat. During the 17th century, these feasts attracted large numbers of people, often from several nations.

Vision quests associated with the acquisition of a personal supernatural guardian existed among Eastern Woodlands cultures. Generally speaking, young males would venture out alone into the wilderness with no food or water and wait for a spirit guide to reveal to them great knowledge. In some nations, such as the Odawa and Menominee, young girls also participated. Once the adolescent performed the quest, they returned to their village an enlightened adult. Berlin, Brent. Speculations on the growth of ethnobotanical nomenclature. Folk systematics in relation to biological classification and nomenclature.

Johnson, P. Folk systematics in relation to biological classifcation and nomenclature. In Johnston, R. Michener, eds. Annual Reviews, Inc. Berlin, B. Folk Taxonomies and Biological Classification.

Acculturation and Assimilation

Science Raven eds. Principles of Tzeltal Plant Classification. An introduction to the botanical ethnography of a Mayan-speaking people of Highland Chiapas. Academic Press, New York. Beverly, Robert. The History of Virginia, Ed. Biddle, N. History of the Expedition Under the Command of Capts. Bigelow, Jacob. A Treatise on the Materia Medica. Boston, Charles Ewer.

Black, M. The distribution and archeological signifcance of the marsh elder, Iva annua, L. Blankinship, J. Native economic plants of Montana. Blanton, Wyndham B. Medicine in Virginia in the seventeenth century. Richmond; William Byrd Press, Inc. Medicine in Virginia in the eighteenth century. Boaz, Franz. Second general report on the Indians of British Columbia. II: The Nootka. British Assoc. Advancement of Science, report. Third report on the Indians of British Columba. Annual Meeting, report. The social organization and the secret societies of tha Kwakiutl Indians, based on personal observations and on notes made by Mr.

George Hunt. Boaz, F. Boggs, R. Folklore bibliography. Southern Folklore Quart. Bohrer, V. Chinchweed Pectes papposa , a Zuni herb. El Palacio. Bohere, Vosila L. Ethnobotanical materials from Tonto National Monument. Southwest Mon. Bohrer, Vorsila. Ethnobotanical aspects of Snaketown, a Hohokam village in Southern Arizona.

Bohrer, Vorsila L. Ethnobotany of Point of Pines Ruin, Arizona. W : Recognition and interpretation of prehistoric remains of Mirabilis multiflora nyctoginaceae in the Sacramento Mountains of New Mexico. Bonnerjea, B. Boston True Thomsonian. Boston, Mass. Bourke, J. The medicine of the Apache. Bourke, John G. Distillation by early American Indians. Popular Medicine, customs, and superstitions of the Rio Grande. Folk-Lore 7 25 Folk-Lore Boyd, C.

A bibliography of interest in the utilization of vascular aquatic plants Econ. Bozman, J. History of Maryland, from the First Settlement in History of Plymouth Plantation. Bradley, C. Yerba de la Fleche. Brand, D. Brand, Donald D. Symposium in prehistoric agriculture of the Southwest.

Brant, C. Peyotism among the Kiowa-Apache and neighboring tribes. Southwestern Journal of Anthropology. Brant-Sero, J. Brendle, Thomas R. Folk medicine of the Pensylvania Germans; the non-occult cures. Pennsylvania German Soc. Norristown, Pennsylvania German Society. Brew, J. A selected bibliography of American Indian archeology east of the Rocky Mountains. Briante, John Goodale. Claremont, N. Brickell, John. The Natural History of North-Carolina.

Johnson Reprint Corp. Brinton, Daniel G. A Lenape-English Dictionary. Notes where copies may be examined. Archeologist vol. Brooks, Harlow Kishka Tanu. The medicine of the American Indian. Brown, A. Experiment Station Circular Brown, C. The chemical industries of the American aborigines. Isis Browne, John Mason. Indian Medicine. Reprint from Atlantic Monthly, July, in W. Beach, "Indian Miscellany", Albany, J. Munsell, , Brown, R.

On the vegetable products used by the Northwest American Indians. Edinburgh Botanical Soc. Brown, T. Plant games and toys of Chippewa children. Wisconsin Archeologist, N. Browne, C. The Chemical Industries of the American Aborigines. Bruhn, J. Carnegiea gigantea: The saguaro and its uses. Bruman, H. Aboriginal drink areas in New Spain. PhD Thesis; U. Brump, Lucien. Un curieux aliment mexicain; le charbon, champnigon parasite du mais.

La Nature 67 2 : , illus. Wildflowers of the Northern Plains and Black Hills. The Badlands Natural History Assoc. Notes on Indian Uses of Plants. From Garden Journal Vol. Bryan, N. Nahavo native dyes, their preparation and use Indian Handcrafts. Education Division Publ. Office Indian Affairs. Harrington "67" p. Bryant, A. Zulu Medicine and Medicine Men. Cape Towm pp. List of Zulu medicinal plants and properties. Budrow, J. Some Useful Native Plants of Colorado. Burnaby, Rev. Andrew Travels through the Middle Settlements in North America.

Burgesse, J. Montagnais cross-bows. Burgh, R. Colorado Press; Boulder. Burlage, H. Bushnell, D. The Choctaw of "Bayou Lacomb" St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana. The Choctaw of Bayou Lacomb, St. Tammany Parish,Louisiana. Ethnology Bull. Butler, Eva. A preliminary outline of Algonquin culture and use of maize in southern New England. Byers, D. Peabody Foundation. Press: Austin.

Cameron, Duncan Teh Nipison country. Masson, ed. Les Bourgeois de la Compagnie du Nord-Ouest. Campa, A.

  • The Evolution of Galaxies: I-Observational Clues?
  • The Self-Made Tapestry: Pattern Formation in Nature.
  • M-Health: Emerging Mobile Health Systems.
  • Diversity of Native American Groups.
  • 10 Native Inventions and Innovations That Changed the World -
  • Justice-as-Sovereignty David Hume and the Origins of International Law?
  • Cherokee Messenger (Civilization of the American Indian Series) - PDF Free Download.
  • New Mexico Business Review. Campbell, T. Medicinal plants used by Choctaw, Chickasaw and Creek Indians. Washington Acad. Origin of the Mescale Bean Cult. American Anthropologist, N. Choctaw subsistence. Florida Anthropologist. Capron, L. Anthropological papers No. Carlson, E. Indian rice camps, White Earth Reservation. Indians at Work 2 7 , illus. Indian rice camps Anthropological papers No. Carlson, G. Michigan Acad. Carpenter, E. Philadelphia Historical Soc. Carpenter, T. The food of the present-day Navajo Indians. Carr, L. The food of certain American Indians and their methods of preparing.

    Antiquarian Soc. The food of the North American Indians. Lend a Hand. Survival foods of the American Aborigine. Diettic Assoc. Surviving folk-tales and herbal lore among the Shinnecock Indians of Long Island. Native drinks in the Southeast and their values, with special emphasis on persimmon beer. Delaware County Institute of Sci. Carter, G. Origins of American Indian Agriculture. Rouse Carter, George. Geographical Review 38 2 : l. A preliminary survey of maize in the South-western United States.

    American Indians of the Allegheny Valley: An Introduction

    Carter, Kate B. Pioneer Recipes. Pioneer Hone Cures of Common Diseases. Cartier, Jacques. Voyages, Tross Ed. Carver, J. Travels through th interior parts of North America in the years , , and Lloyd Library Bull. Carver, Jonathan. Travels in the Interior Parts of North America. Castetter, Uncultivated native plants used as sources of food. Albuquerque, Univ.

    Studies Amer. Castetter, E. Early tobacco utilization and cultivation in the American Southwest. The domain of ethnobiology. American Naturalist. New Mexico Quart. The aboriginal utilization of the tall cacti in the American Southwest. Albuquerque, Univ N. The aborginal utilization of the tall cacti in the American Southwest. Ser 5 1 : Pima and Papago Indian Agriculture. Press; Albuquerque. Inter-American Studies 1. Castetter, Edward F. Yman Indian Agriculture. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. The early utilization and the distribution of agave in the American Southwest.

    Southwest 6. The early utilization and the distribution of Agave in th American Southwest. The ethnobiology of the Chiricahua and Mescalero Apache--the use of the plants for foods, beverages and narcotics. Southwest 3. Castiglioni, Arturo. Herbs in the medicine of Eastern Peoples and of the Americans. CIBA Symposia 5 : The use of tobacco among the American Indians. Ciba Symposia 4 Magic plants in primitive medicine.

    Ciba Symposia 5 -6 : Caswell, Mrs.

    Eastern Woodlands Indigenous Peoples in Canada

    Our Life Among the Iroquois. Cerna, David. The Pharmacology of the Ancient Mexicans. Chafe, W. Handbook of the Seneca Language. Chagnon, Napoleon A. Yanomamo: the Fierce People. Chafe, Wallace L. Seneca Morphology and Dictionary. Smithsonian Contributions to Anthropology. Chamberlain, A. Maple sugar and the Indians. The maple amongst the Algonquin tribes.

    Plants used by th Indians of eastern North America. Chamberlain, L. Plants used by the Indians of Eastern North America. Kutenai Basquetry. Chamberlain, R. Some plant names of the Ute Indians. The ethno-botany of the Gosiute Indians. Memoirs of the American Anthropological Assoc. Sciences of Philadelphia. Chambliss, C. The botany and history of Zizania aquatica L.

    Wild Rice. Champlain, Samuel de. Reprint Prince Soc. Charlevoix, P. New York. Cheney, Ralph H. Geographical and taxonomic distribution of American arrow poisons. American Journal of Botany. Cheney, R. Tea substitutes in the United States. New York Bot. Chestnut, V. Thirty Poisonous Plants of the United States. US Dept. Plants used by the Indians of Mendocino County. National Herbarium, , illus. Chevalier, Auguste.

    Paris Editions de la Revue Internationale de Tabacs. Clapp, A. Report on medical botany. Clarke, J. A Dictionary of Practical Materia Medica 3 vols. Clements, Forrest E. Primative concepts of disease. University of Calif. Clinton, DeWitt. Clovet, Doris, ed. Narcotic Drugs: Biochemical Pharmacology. Plenum Publishing, NY. Cobley, L. An Introduction to the Botany of Tropical Crops. Coe, C. Koontee, the Seminole Bread Root. Scientific American Supplment aug. Colden, Cadwallader.

    Coleman, J. The distrabution of sunflower in the prehistoric Great Plains. Professional Geographer. Collins, G. Collins, Henry Bascomb Jr. Washington D. Colson, Elizabeth. The Makah Indians. Minneapolis, Univ. Minnesota Press. Colton, M. Hopi dyes. Museum of Northern Arizona. Schery, Colville, F. Notes on the plants used by the Klamanth Indians. National Herbarium 5: National Museum. Conklin, H. The relation of Hanunoo culture to the plant world.

    Yale Univ. Haven, Conn. Conservation Society of York County Pennsylvania. Seneca Indians home life and culture. York, Pa. Cook, James. A voyage to the Pacific Ocean, undertaken by the command of His Majesty, for making discoveries in the northern hemisphere. Performed under the direction of Capts. London: G. Cook, S. The mechanism and extent of dietary adaption among certain groups of California and Nevada Indians.

    Ibero-Americana Cook, Sarah L. MA Thesis, Univ. New Mexico: Albuquerque. Cooke, O. Food plants of ancient America. Ann Rep. Board of Regents Smithsonian Institution. Coon, N. Using Wayside Plants. Hearthside Press, Inc. Coon Nelson. Cooper, J. Northern Algonkin scrying and scapulimancy. Festschrift P. Schmidt, pp. The Experienced Botanist or Indian Physician. Lancaster, Pa. Coose, Lois. MA Thesis, St. Mary"s univ. Core, E. Ethnobotony of the Southern Appalachian Aborigines. Corlett, William T. The medicine-man of the American Indian and his cultural background.

    Thomas Co. Corrigan, C. Medical practice among the Bush Indians of Northern Manitoba. Correa de Serra, J. Notice respecting several vegetables used as esculents in North America. Horticulture Socierty of London. Correll, D. The Potato and Its Wild Relatives. Texas Research Foundation. Scherym Coville, F. The Panamint Indians of California. Coville, Frederick Vernon. Directions for collecting specimens and information illustrating the aboriginal uses of plants. US Natl. Some Additions to Our Vegetable Dietary. Yearbook of the US Dept.

    Notes on the plants used by the Klamath Indians of Oregon. Desert plants as a source of drinking water. Wokas, a Primitive Food of the Klamath Indians. US Nat. Crawford, Jos. Culberson, C. Chemical and Botanical Guide to Lichen Products. Culley, J. TheCalifornia Indians; their medical practices and their drugs. Cummings, Byron. The textile fabrics of the Cliff Dwellers. Cotton Mfrs.

    Cummings, J. Medical Practices of th Indian of the Southwest. MA Thesis; Texas Tech. Curtin, Leonora, S. Healing Herbs of the Upper Rio Grande. Sante Fe: Laboratory of Anthropology.


    Curtin, L. Masterkey , Los Angeles, Southwest Museum. Cushing, F. Indian Notes and Monographs, vol. Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation. Cutler, H. Exploration for Prehistoric foods. A preliminary survey of plant remains of Tularosa Cave. Martin, et. Martin, et al. Vegetal material from the site of San Cayetano. Plant materials from six Oklahoma sites.

    Plant Materials from several Glen Canyon sites. In Adams, W. Lindsay , Jr. Turner II. Glen Canyon ser. Some plants remains from Montezuma Castle and nearby caves. Plateau 28 4 : Dall, W. Alaska and Its Resources. Darby, W. A study of the dietary background and nutrition of the Navajo Indian. Darling, Dr. Indian diseases and remedies. Boston Medical and Surgical Jour. Darlington, W. American Weeds and Useful Plants.

    New York, N. Davenport, Helen W. New England Mag. Davidson, J. Douglas Fir Sugar. The Canadian Field Naturalist. Davis, N. Report of the committee on indigenous medical botany. Trans Amer. Dawson, E. Desert Plant Life, Dayton, W. Important Western Browse Plants. Forest Service. Deisher, HK Pitted stones. Pennsylvania Archaeologist De La Cruz, Martin. Libellus de Medicinalibus Inderum Herbis.

    De Laslo, H. Plant materials used by primitive peoples to affect fertility. Science : Delabarre, E. Indian corn hills in Massachusetts. Denig, E. Indian tribes of the Upper Missouri. Ann Rpt. Of the Crow Nation. Edited by J. Denman, L. The Peyote Ritual. San Francisco. Dennis, Mary E. Densmore, Frances Cheppewa music.

    Washington, D. Bureau of Amer. Ethnology, Bull. Densmore, Frances. Chippewa customs U. Densmore, F. Nootka and Quileute Music. Denys, Nicolas. The description and natural history of the coasts of North America Acadia. Toronto, Champlain Soc. Devereux, G. Mohave ethnopsychiatry and suicide: the psychiatric knowledge and psychic disturbances of an Indian tribe.

    Dickson, Evelyn M. Food plants of western Oregon Indians. MA Thesis, Stanford Univ. Diguet, Leon, Diguet, L. Paris Soc. Diller, Theodore. Pioneer Medicine in Western Pennsylvania. New York: Paul B. Hoeber, Inc. Dimbleby, G. Plants and Archaeology. London, Baker.

    Dittman, A. Disturbance in dreams as related to peyotism among the Navaho. Dixon, R. Some Shamans of Norther California. Dixon, Roland B. Words for tobacco in American Indian Languages. Tobacco chewing on the Northwest Coast. Stetson, Jr. Analysis of Pre-Colombian pipe dottels. American Anthropol. Dobyns, H. Papagos in the Cotton Fields. Dockstader, F. The American Indian in Graduate Studies. Doering, J. Folk Remedies for diverse allergies. Gutierrez, M.

    A chemical survey of seventeen medicinal Mexican Plants. Planta Medica. Dore, W. Agriculture, Ottawa, Canada. Dorsey, George A. Games of the Macah Indians of Neah Bay.